Beijing Chairman Mao's Mausoleum, China
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Chairman Mao's Mausoleum
The Chairman Mao's Mausoleum stands in the south of the Tian'anmen Square, between the Monument to the People's Heroes and the Zhengyang Gate. The Memorial Hall is to memorize the founder and first Chairman of the People's Republic of China. It provides people with a place to show their respects to Chairman Mao.
The Chairman Mao's Mausoleum laid its foundation on November 14, 1976, immediately after his death, and was completed on May 14, 1977.
The Memorial Hall is a square building with light yellow walls and with tumbler roof. The yard of Memorial Hall has the length of 260 meters from south to north and width of 220 meters from west to east. The commemoration hall is located in the central of the yard.
The foundation is built by claret granite with 105.5 meters long each side and 4 meters high, which makes the hall quite stable. The stairs of north and south sides both have 2 stripes of white marble on which are carved the garland composed of sunflowers, evergreen, pine branch and winter sweets.
The wall is covered with light yellow granite, which makes the hall very bright and solemn.
Entering from the north gate of the hall, you will see a white marble statue of Chairman Mao of more than 3 meters high. There hangs the huge velvet fresco of "motherland of China" behind the statue. When you go south, through the golden wooden gate, you will come to the respecting hall. There places the brilliant flowers, the coffin platform made by black granite lies in the flowers.
Around the coffin platform are the party emblem, the army emblem, the nation emblem, and a brief account of Chairman Mao (1893 - 1976). There carries the scattering crystal coffin on the coffin platform.
Inside the coffin lies the body of Chairman Mao, on the coffin covers the bright red party flag. After you get out of the respecting hall, you will enter the south hall. There is carved Chairman Mao's calligraphy: a poem of "Man Jiang Hong and comrade Guo Moruo" on the white marble wall.
Chairman Mao is the founder of the People's Republic of China and he is one of the essential characters in the modern history of China. Until now, almost ten million people have come to the Chairman Mao's Mausoleum, people from all over the world have visited and paid their respects to one of the greatest politicians in China.