Shandong Qufu Confucius' Mansion, China
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The Confucius' Mansion is located in Qufu, Shandong Province, its west is connected with the Confucian Temple.
The Confucius' Mansion is also called "Yansheng Master Mansion". It is the living place of closely related descendants generation after generation. It is the largest popular mansion next to the imperial palaces of Ming and Qing Dynasty in China. No matter the construction layout or the collection of cultural relics all claim "the first mansion in the world".
The Confucius' Mansion was built in the first year of Kaibao in Song Dynasty in 1038. It is a noble manor combined the typical government with inner house in Chinese feudal society. With an area of more than 240 mu, the Confucius' Mansion has 463 halls, main rooms, buildings, lofts and so forth all kinds of constructions, divided into east, west and center three layouts.
The east are house temples, there are the Baoben Hall, the Peach Temple and etc. West is academy, it is the place that Confucius studied knowledge, poem and etiquette and created and sang poems with his descendants and treated guests, they are the Zhongshu Hall, the Anhuai Hall and south and north flower halls treated guests. Center is the main body of the Confucius' Mansion.
As the border of inner house, front is the government having three halls and six main rooms (the Largest Hall, the Second Largest Hall, the Third Largest Hall, the Guangou Main Room, the Baihu Main Room, the Zhiyin Main Room, the Zhangshu Main Room, the Dianji Main Room and the Sile Main Room), back is the inner house, there are front up house, front hall building, back hall building and back five rooms.
The backyard is the garden of Confucius' Mansion, it is the place that the successive Yansheng Masters and family members had a rest, chatted and enjoyed themselves. The flowers and trees are all cultivated meticulously. The surroundings of the backyard are very beautiful and scenery is graceful.