Hanguangwu Emperor State Tomb (Liuxiu Tomb), Luoyang China

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Hanguangwu Emperor State Tomb

Hanguangwu Emperor State Tomb is located in Baihe countryside, Mengjin county, about 20 kilometers northeast of Luoyang city. Its border reaches Yellow river in the north and Wang hill in the south.

Also called Han tomb, or Liuxiu tomb, it's emperor Liuxiu' tomb who was founder of Donghan Dynasty.

Hanguangwu Emperor State Tomb was large, the area around it was about 1400meters, its height was about 20 meteres. Because there were more than one thousand hardy and old cypresses within the cemetery which sorrounded by low wall, the atomsphere looked very solemn.

Guangwu temple was in the west of the tomb. There planted 28 old cypresses between the road in front of Guangwu temple for commemorating 28 hero who helped Liuxiu. A stone tablet in front of the tomb carved 10 characters of "Donghan Zhong Xing Shizu Guanglingdi Tomb". The stone tablet erected in 56 year of Ganlong in Qing Dynasty.

Hanguangwu emperor was from Hunan province and 9th generation descandants of Hangaozu Liubang, also one of the famous founding emperors in Chinese history.

Hanguangwu Emperor State Tomb is full of old towering trees and green leaves, local people in Luoyang like to take holiday or go for a wald there. They visit cultral relics and commemorate the outstanding emperor in Chinese history.


Hanguangwu emperor was born in the year of 6 B.C., was 9th generation descandants of Hangaozhu Liugbang. In the end year of Xihan Dynasty, wangmang took over power, the peasant uprising broken out. Liuxiu and his brother Liuyan under Yinyuanji party leaded seven or eight thousands people jioning in Lulin troop of peasand uprising.

Since Liuxiu was very brave and resouceful, he and his one hundred and twenty thousand troops defeated Wangmang with four hundred and twenty thousand troops in "Kunyang battle" broken in the year of 23 A.C. Thus, he established a foundation of recovering the power of Han Dynasty, Wangmang became hopeless in taking over power.

This was a famous battle example of piting the few against the many in Chinese struggle history. Afterwards, he went to Hebei to abolish Wangmang powership,released prison under the call of recovering Han Dynasty, meantime, he incorporated many troops into his own forces and became much stronger.

Because Liuxiu could shared comfort and hardship with his comrade-in-arms, ate bean gruel and wheat food, suffered hardships, took care of people, his troops had strict discipline, rules of rewards and punishment, he got support from poeple gradually.

After united country, he issued an order of setting free servile, stopping killing servile otherwise punishing. All this refleted his policy of caring for people. In the field of enriching people and developed economy, he knew he must stabilize people's mind, so he lightened tax,reduced officals, built irrigation works, bridge and road, meanwhile, he lived a simple life, implemented the principle of setting himself as example.

Liuxiu was worthy of master recovering Han Dynasty, called "Guang Wu Zhong Xing", left a story on everybody's lips in Chinese history.