Prince Teng's Pavilion, Jiangxi Nanchang China
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Prince of Teng's Pavilion
It is called the first of the three famous pavilions of South China since a long time ago. The other two are the Yellow Crane Pavilion and the Yueyang Pavilion. It is an important scenic spot of Jiangxi Province.
The Prince Teng's Pavilion was built in 659, the 4th year of Xiangqing Period of Tang Dynasty. It was a 27 meters high and 14 meters wide tower with three floors. Later, during the wars of Song, Yuan, Ming, Qing Dynasties and the Republic of China, it was destroyed and rebuilt again and again.
The pavilion was a place for the noblemen and the artists to have banquet in ancient China. The first king of Ming Dynasty Zhu Yuanzhang had also had banquet in the tower. During the banquet, he asked his ministers to write and chant poems. The light performance was also an important part of the banquet.
The pavilion we can see today is 57.5 meters high, including the basement, it has nine floors. The whole area of the tower is 47,000 square meters. There is a giant white marble relief in the main hall of the first floor. Its name is Shi lai Feng Song Teng Wang Ge, telling the story about the Tang poet Wang Bo writing the Teng Wang Ge Xu, a famous poem about the Prince Teng's Pavilion.
In the main hall of the second floor, there is a giant (23.90m ×2.55 m) colorful mural named Ren Jie Tu. In the mural, there're 80 famous people of Jiangxi Province in ancient China. On the fourth floor, there is also a giant mural that telling about the beautiful mountains and rivers of Jiangxi Province, named Di Ling Tu.
The two murals are so splendid that you can't help admiring them. The fifth floor is the best place for people to look into the distance. Going into the hall of the fifth floor, there is the famous poem, Teng Wang Ge Xu, created by Wang Bo and written as a calligraphy production by Su Dongpo, the famous writer of Song Dynasty.
Every floor has its subject connecting with the pavilion. In the poem written by Wang Bo, the sentence: "Luo Xia Yu Gu Wu Qi Fei, Qiu Shui Gong Chang Tian Yi Se" has enjoyed great popularity and became the main antithetical couplet of the tower being hanged on both sides of the main gate. If you want to enjoy the beautiful landscape in the sentence, go to the tower in autumn. At that time, you can see the migrants are flying south over the area of the Poyang Lake and the Ganjiang River, this is the most attractive view of the pavilion.
The pavilion has been rebuilt 28 times. The pavilion you can see today is much more grand the those before. Standing in front of the pavilion, you can feel the momentum as the ancient poets said: flying red tower in the sky.
In today's pavilion, there're lots of constructions imitating the ancient style: halls for singing, dancing and performing traditional operas; museums of historic relics. You can also climb up the pavilion and look into the distance. All the beautiful views of Nanchang can be seen on the tower. As the symbol of Nanchang, the Prince Teng's Pavilion is a scenic spot that you can't miss.