Shaanxi History Museum, China
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Shaanxi History Museum
Shaanxi History Museum is a large scale modern national museum, located in an area 2 kilometers northwest of Dayan Pagoda, it's a group of magnificent architectures of imitation Tang-Dynasty style.
Shaanxi History Museum was built and opened to outside in June 1991. It occupied about 70,000 square kilometers of land and its building area was about 55,600 square kilometers. It displays the development process of Chinese civilization systematically.
The museum collected 113,000 pieces of cultural relics unearthed in Shaanxi Province. Its display area was 1100 square kilometers and divided into seven parts of Prehistoric Age, Zhou, Qin, Han, Wei Jin Nanbeichao, Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, Ch'ing, displayed Shaanxi cultural relics from over one million years ago to 1840AD systematically.
There were 13 dynasties, which built their capitals in Shaanxi. The capitals lasted one thousand years or so. It was the area where dynasties built their capitals at most and lasted time at the longest. Therefore, some people said Shaanxi ancient history in fact is the concentration of Chinese history.
When you glance over the museum, the founding of Ape-man skull brought them back to desolation period over one million years ago. Yangshao Culture, Longshan Culture, highly finished bone-knife and stoneware, the colorful ancient painted pottery and potted wares (used for rubbing solid body).
It lets you realize the living sight of Chinese ancestors and their spirit of overcoming difficulties at the New Stone Age of 5000years ago. The elegant and serious quadripod for filling wine, which made in bronze fully, reflected the high craft level of Xizhou bronze culture. Thus, you could trace back to the rising and prosperity of Xizhou Dynasty.
The solid and beautiful copper structure, thick and simple eaves tile, warrior figures of great stature could make you feel people's courage of rising with force. Xihan Dynasty was one of the strongest nations at that time. About 3000 piece warriors and horses (buried with the dead) unearthed from Yangjiawan large tomb in Xianyang revealed the powerful politics, economy and military affairs in Han Dynasty.
Han Dynasty defeated Xiongnu and expanded to the Western Region relying on its stronger mounted troops. All these showed people's spirit of resisting outside aggression and making unceasing efforts to improve themselves in Han Dynasty.
The wonderful workmanship golden and silver wares were full of vigor and vitality. It often made deep impression on visitors so that they were not willing to leave. The productive forces, handwork scale and high skill level in Sui Tang Dynasty made traditional Chinese painting of beautiful women with luxurious bodily form and officials with solemn expression lively, revealed the prosperity of Tang Dynasty.
In view of Shaanxi's special position in China history, Chinese government invested 144 millions RMB to build this museum. It was a combination of China ancient palatial architecture and courtyard architecture, with local features and the spirit of times, fitted out with complete modern facilities.
It was not only a treasure house for collecting and displaying Chinese cultural relics, but also had multi-functions of culture exchange, education service, and scientific research. It has already received 5,000,000 people including head of state, government officials, and ordinary people from 40 countries since it opened and got a rather good comments.