Beijing Tiananmen Square (Tian'anmen Square, Tian An Men Square), China
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Tiananmen Square (Tian An Men Square)
Tiananmen Square (Tian'anmen Square, Tian An Men Square) is located on the Chang'an Street in Beijing.
Built in Ming Dynasty (1386 ~ 1644A.D.), Tiananmen Gate was initially named Chengtianmen Gate, which meant "getting power from God, receiving instructions from Heaven". Chengtianmen Gate was destroyed in the flames of war in the Ming Dynasty.
Tian'anmen Square, the largest of its kind in the world, covers an area of 400,000 square meters. It has the capacity of holding a mass assembly of one million people. It is 4 times larger than the second largest square in the world - Saint Marco Square in Italy.
At the center of the square is the Monument to the People's Heroes. In the southern part of the square is the Memorial Hall of Chairman Mao Zedong. In the southern end of the square is the South Front Gate, with the Great Hall of the People on the west, the Museum of Chinese History and the Museum of the Chinese Revolution on the east. Tian'anmen Square is often a place where large ceremonies are held.
Witnessing through wars and fires, Tiananmen Square went through many important historical events in China. On May 4, 1911, the epoch-making "May 4 Movement" broke out here.
On October 1, 1949, Chairman Mao Zedong solemnly proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China from the tower of Tiananmen Gate. Most recently on June 4, 1989, the "Tian'anmen Square Students Movement" was also a event marks the history of China.
Because of its special location, historical significance and high reputation, Tian'anmen Square has become one of the most-frequently-visited squares in the world. If you plan to visit Beijing some day, you are bound to come here - Tiananmen Square is the largest of its kind in the world and bounded with history.