Tibet Yumbalagang (Yumbu Lakang), China
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The Yumbalagang (Yumbu Lakang) is located on top of the mountain at the east bank of the Yalong River, Naidong Prefecture, Shan Nan, Tibet.
Its position lies southeast of Naidong Prefecture, not far away from Zetang Prefecture. It is said that here is the first palace construction in Tibet. The Naidong Prefecture produces abound red willows and Shacao grass, so local people like to call it "Red Willow Fragrant Grass Palace".
Allegedly, the Yumbulagang was built in the time of Tibetan King Niechi Zanpu in the 1st century B.C. In the palace there enshrined the statues of Tibetan kings - the three generations Buddha, Nieshi Zanpu, Srongtsan Gamoi, Chishi Dezan and etc.
In addition, there are statues of Tibetan imperial family members such as Wencheng Princess and Nepal Chizun Princess. The carving technology of each statue is very exquisite and the color is very magnificent, completely showing the manner of Tibetan kings and imperial families.
Although the carving technology is quite different from that of the Chinese arts in Central Plains, such fine carving technology appeared in the 1st century, this is really very hard.
In Tibetan, the Yumbulagang means the palace of mother and son. Its construction is mainly divided into two parts: the front part is multi-layer palace higher and higher, while the back part is a square watchtower of pillbox type made of stones.
The front and the back are completely different from each other. There are two layouts and two watchtowers, but they have the coherence and entirety like a couple of mother and son. The high constructions are standing on the top, straight and magnificent, towering and outstanding.
North of the palace the mountain is very precipitous and hard to climb. But the south slope is gentle. You can climb from south slope to the palace. In the palace large quantities of ancient historic relics are still preserved now and they are the important materials to understand life and history of ancient Tibet.